The Causes of American Revolution Essay

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The American Revolution was a conflict between 13 British colonies on the eastern seaboard of North America and their parent country, Great Britain. The war resulted in the colonies becoming a separate nation, the United Stated of America. It is also known as the American War of Independence. The Seven Years' War left Great Britain with the expensive responsibility of administering newly acquired territory in North America. The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765 to raise revenue to pay a share of the empire's defense costs. The Stamp Act required the colonists to use specially stamped paper for all official documents, newspapers, and pamphlets. It provoked almost unanimous opposition among the colonists, who regarded it as…show more content…
By the time the Congress adjourned, hostilities had begun between Britain and the colonies. The first armed encounter of the American Revolution took place in Massachusetts in April 1775. British lieutenant general Thomas Gage was aware that colonial militia members were being trained and reorganized into active elements known as minutemen. On the night of April 18, 1775, Gage sent troops to seize munitions being gathered at Concord. Colonial messengers, including a local silversmith named Paul Revere, rode on horseback into the countryside to give the alarm. On April 19 the British force exchanged fire with militia troops at Lexington, killing eight Americans. The American militia staged a counterattack from the cover of hedges, trees, and buildings, forcing the British to retreat to Boston. The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775. The delegates established the Congress as the central government for "The United Colonies of America," adopted the militia troops as their own "Continental Army," and appointed George Washington as commander in chief. Meanwhile, American troops clashed with the British in the Battle of Bunker Hill. After two failed assaults, British major general William Howe succeeded in penetrating American lines. Although the Americans retreated,
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