The Causes of Federation in Australia Are Both Pragmatic and Ideological. Outline and Analyse Some of Those Causes as a Rationale for Federation.

2573 WordsApr 3, 201311 Pages
The causes of Federation in Australia are both pragmatic and ideological. Outline and analyse some of those causes as a rationale for federation. The federation of Australia was the development by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of New South Wales, Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania and Queensland united together and formed one nation. The constitution of Australia came into force on the 1st of January 1901. There are many pragmatic and ideological reasons as to the cause of federation within Australia, which will be discussed in further detail and depth. The pragmatic causes that will be discussed include trade and transport, defense, and immigration. The trade and transport issues relate to…show more content…
People travelling on the trains would have to change trains at the border of each colony, causing excessive inconvenience for the people travelling. Those who were using the trains for trading goods, had to unload and reload the goods at each colonial border. Therefore, the building of the railway system allowed for the railway to connect to each colony, making it much easier for people to travel between the colonies. In the many years before 1901, Australia was shaped by the fear of invasion and the concern for the purity of the white race. Each colony within Australia had their own defense force, although the defence forces wouldn’t be strong enough to defend and protect Australia’s vast coastline. The colonies own forces didn’t have the men, armies or ammunition to provide adequate defence for their colony. Australia feared the invasion of Asian countries such as China and Japan. Japan were seen as a bigger threat and ‘the fear was fed by the growing power of Japan, which imitated Western economic and military techniques to defeat China and occupy Korea in 1895’ (Macintyre, 2009, p. 141). Australia would’ve normally been able to rely on Britain, but at the time Britain was forced to concentrate more of its naval strength closer to home. This meant that Australia had to become more self-sufficient. They had to raise their own troops, ‘which provided a stimulus for federation’ (Macintyre, 2009, p.

More about The Causes of Federation in Australia Are Both Pragmatic and Ideological. Outline and Analyse Some of Those Causes as a Rationale for Federation.

Open Document