The Challenges Of Artificial Intelligence

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I. Artificial Intelligence

The advent of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has enabled human beings to design and develop intelligent entities which can shape their responses based on their perceptions of the environment. In the past 30 years, the cognitive capacity of the computers has increased manifold. Computers which could only perform basic functions three decades ago can today play chess, recognize human voice, understand images, process natural language and display many other abilities which require intelligence of varied sorts. In the future, the range of actions computers would be able to perform could only be imagined.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science of creating computers to execute tasks that require intelligence. Human-like
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Machines will be able to communicate with humans in unstructured English, using voice in an uncertain environment, and will have some basic common sense (and domain-specific intelligence).
High speed memory, long term storage capacity and speeds of the on-board computers will continue to increase. According to Ray Kurzweil, the capacity of robot brains will exceed that of human brains within the next 20 years.
With the emergence of social networks (Semantic Social networking) and web enabled intelligent applications, in future there will be a machine that has all the knowledge about the world and the people. It would be able to understand all the content of the documents on the web and will have unlimited learning ability.

Human like intelligent machines that can interact with other humans, respond to every query, manage all human personal needs and also connect emotionally like a friend can be envisaged. Such machines would understand not only text commands but also speech and gestures. They will be able to understand the semantic as well as the emotional aspects of speech such as voice pitch, irritation, affection and other emotional aspects in spoken utterances. These intelligent machines would then be able to include these aspects in their own speech as well and in its interaction with
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