The Challenges Of Conducting Universal Health Coverage

3700 Words15 Pages
Fisca Miswari Aulia 651821707
ECON 482-Health Economics

THE CHALLENGES OF CONDUCTING UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE IN INDONESIA
Introduction
Indonesia is making health sector reform to all its citizens by enacting the universal health coverage starting from January 2014. This program will be under the agency known as Social Security Provider or Badan Penyelenggaran Jaminan Sosial (BPJS). Every Indonesian citizen and foreigners who have lived in Indonesia for a minimum of six months shall be a member of BPJS. This is in accordance with the article 14 of Law BPJS. Each company must register its workers as a member of BPJS. Each participant will be levied on BPJS dues which is determined later. As for the poor, BPJS dues will be paid by the government through the dues assistance. Being a participant in BPJS not only mandatory for workers in the formal sector, but also informal workers. Informal workers are also required to be a member of BPJS. Workers must register and pay the dues in accordance with the desired level of benefits.
Universal health insurance is expected to start gradually in 2014 and by 2019, all Indonesian citizens are expected to have the health insurance. Indonesian health minister stated that BPJS will cover all kinds of diseases with the efficiency efforts. However, conducting this program is not without challenges. Many challenges and lesson learned from previous health insurance systems that must be taking into consideration in conducting and developing
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