The Changing Nature, Spatial Patterns and Ecological Dimensions of a Global Economic Activity

942 Words Jan 14th, 2014 4 Pages
Examine the changing nature, spatial patterns and ecological dimensions of a global economic activity

Wine production involves two parts of economic activity – viticulture and wine making in the winery. In the global context, wine production is dynamic due to the influence of globalization, technological advancements and extensive research. These have essentially influenced the nature, spatial patterns and the ecological dimensions of the wine industry.

Wine production involves the growing and harvesting of grapes in vineyards. The vines require specific environmental elements to be able to grow grapes suitable for winemaking. They require temperature between 10C-20C to produce the correct sugar composition through photosynthesis. In
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These are the ‘new world’ producers which are generally located in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia, Argentina, South Africa and the US have growing wine industries and are taking a large percentage of the global market share from old producing nations.

The expansion of wine production is a result of expansive technological advancements which have made it possible to grow wines in inappropriate locations. For example, wines are genetically enhanced in most new world countries in order for them to survive a deficiency in the environment which may include high temperatures or a lack of rainfall. Irrigation systems area prime example that have assisted iin the wine industry of Australia.

Asia has also experimented with viticulture as many developing nations, such as china, have identified a market they are able to enter. Indeed, this is a result of the genetically enhanced wines who can survive in the differing climatic conditions.

Ecological Dimensions
Ecological dimensions of wine production primarily centre on the use of organic viticulture. Since the earlier days of production, industries have realized they had used a devastating amount of agrochemicals and fertilisers to grow their wines. Today, as environmental views have changed, many wine producers have initiated or promoted the notion of organic viticulture. This involves the use of organic materials and using resources in a sustainable