The Changing Social Position Of Children And How It Can Be Researched

2266 Words10 Pages
Describe and explain approaches to the changing social position of children and how it can be researched In this essay the approaches to the changing social position of children and how it can be researched will be described and explained in relation to gender. It will look at the approaches of Functionalists, Feminists, Marxist, the dominant framework, Social construction, Interactionism and it will focus on how these approaches impact on children also in relation to gender. Abbott (2006, p.75) states that education is a central part to an understanding of the manifestation of gender. This is because through school and meeting other students, they develop an identity. The dominant framework has links to Piaget and his work and with…show more content…
A Functionalist approach looks at how society works as a whole and has been a dominant sociological theory in the past, in America.(1940s and 1950s). This impacts on children in relation to gender as society is seen as divided into social class, and this therefore provides a structure to society. It focusses on demands and opportunities in daily life. In relation to Education and gender, children have opportunities to gain knowledge and to achieve qualifications that will provide them a way to a career in the future. Functionalist theorist Durkheim, developed the theories of Compte and Spencer, Durkheim believed that society ’has a reality of its own, over individuals who compromise it’. (Haralambos and Holborn, 2013, p.955) This theory’s suggestion of the existence of gender inequalities which came from Parson’s development of the nuclear family and because it suggests predefined roles for example the mother takes care of housework and cooking while the father is seen as the ‘breadwinner’ the one who provides for the family and this is for the division of labour. This influences children on the way they think of different genders and will impact on how they view their roles and future self. So as a result of social construction and functionalism in society, boys may see themselves as having to provide for their family and girls may think they have to take on a more caring role, looking after children, doing housework
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