The Characteristics Of Ants

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Ants are common insects but they have some unique capabilities. More than 10,000 known

ant species occur around the world. They’re more prevalent in tropical forests (example,

Argentine ants), where they may be up to half of all the insects living in some other locations.

They are of the family Formicidae and belong to the order Hymenoptera, Kingdom being

Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Class Insecta.

They are fascinating little creatures almost being old as a dinosaur! Scientists estimate that

ants came about in the mid-Cretaceous period, which was an amazing 110 to 130 million

years ago. They are found nearly everywhere on earth (good explorers they are!) but not

found on the Antarctic and Arctic regions. The largest ant ever
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Wilson and Bert Holldobler. According to

them “a super organism is a colony of individuals self – organized by division of labor and

united by a closed system of communication”. They display traits similar in function to the

cells and organs of a bigger organism like us, Humans. The function of an ant colony can be

well understood by comparing it to a human body. The cells in a human body parallels

colony members; organs parallels castes; genital glands parallels reproductive castes; somatic

organs parallels worker castes; immune system parallels defensive castes; circulatory system

parallels food distribution, distribution of pheromones and chemical signals, sensory organs

parallels combined sensory organs of colony members; nervous system parallels

communication and interaction among colony members and skin and skeleton of a human

body parallels nest of these tiny but complex creatures.

Ant communities are headed by a queen or queens, whose function in life is to lay thousands

of eggs. Workers are generally wingless females that never reproduce but instead forage for

food, care for the queen’s offspring, work on the nest, protect the community and
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