The Characteristics Of Autism Spectrum Disorders ( Asd )

949 WordsJul 10, 20164 Pages
1. What are the characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)? As described in the textbook, there is a broad range of characteristics associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). One of the first characteristics noted with ASD is language deficits, or using language in “odd” ways. As stated in the textbook, “Children with classic autism may be nonverbal. Alternatively, they may have significant language difficulties, so that their language may consist primarily of echolalia or delayed echolalia”, (E. Amanda Boutot, 2011, pp. 6,9). Additionally, “Children with Asperger Syndrome (AS) frequently have difficulty in conversations and following up on statements made by others”, (E. Amanda Boutot, 2011, p. 18). Individuals with AS may also take a literal interpretation of language, as well as, speak with an unusual volume, pitch, or rate. Other characteristics of ASD are social differences, such as a lack of theory of mind (mind blindness), joint attention, play (lack of imaginative play), and imitation of others. The textbook states, “It should come as no surprise, then, that one of the earliest symptoms of autism noted by parents are differences in social behaviors”, (E. Amanda Boutot, 2011, p. 19). It is also noted that some children diagnosed with ASD may lack emotional facial expressions and affect. Children diagnosed with an ASD may have sensory concerns, such as hypersensitivity (over) or hyposensitivity (under) to objects and the environment.
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