The Characteristics Of Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation

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1.1 Background of the study

Motivation is a theoretically construct that used to explain our behaviour. It represents the reasons for people's desire or actions. Motivation can also be defined as what causes a person want to repeat behaviour or one's direction to behaviour. Behaviour is the way in which one acts or conducts oneself, especially toward others.
Motivation can be describe as a starting point for any activity, job, intensity and persistence of behaviour associate with particular task (Buckworth, Lee, Regan, Schneider, & Diclemente, 2007). They also state that motivation can influence behaviour and they emphasize that basically motivation consists of two types which is intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Based on Buckworth et al. (2007) intrinsic motivation reflect as the purpose for an individual performing a behaviour, for example for the pleasure and satisfaction but in extrinsic motivation it is difference because an individual performing the behaviour for the outcome and dependent on outside of the activity such as award or evaluation.
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Jowett (2008) also claimed that extrinsic motivation may not the main factor that can influence an individual’s action but have an important role in fulfil the human basic needs. Intrinsic motivation is crucial for the education phenomenon. This is because education needs a natural learning process for achievement and this is where the intrinsic motivation is needed. Ryan and Deci (2000) also emphasized that any profession or responsibility that associated to education such as parent and teacher need high quality in creativity which mean this quality cannot be develop by intrinsic motivation but in the other hand, understanding on these different type of extrinsic motivation are also important to create an enjoyment in learning
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