The Cherokee Native American Tribe

1613 WordsMar 30, 20177 Pages
May Bombria Miss Pearce American Literature Period 8 2 April 2017 The Cherokee Native American Tribe The Cherokee are considered one of the most advanced Native American tribes culturally and socially. The Cherokee tribe originated from several different regions in the United States including: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, and Alabama. The Cherokee lived in villages like most Native American Tribes. Each village housed four hundred to five hundred Cherokee people. There were two different villages that they lived in. There was the winter village and the Summer village. The Cherokee owned two homes each, one in each village. The summer homes were bigger than the winter homes. The Summer homes were “built in the shape…show more content…
“The U.S. government used the Treaty of New Echota in 1835 to justify the removal” ("A Brief History of the Trail of Tears”). The Cherokee were forced on a journey from their previous villages into Tahlequah, Oklahoma to start a new life. This journey became known as the Trail of Tears. They died of hunger, disease, dehydration, and exhaustion (“The Trail of Tears”). Life after the trail of tears was challenging at first because the tribe lost over 4,000 of its members during the journey. Once the Cherokees reached Oklahoma, the government still was not very friendly to them. The government contractor gave them some food, but it was contaminated with insects. The government was focused on enhancing their profit and did not care about the well-being and welfare of the Cherokee (Ojibwa, “The Cherokee After Removal”). There are several events that effected the Cherokee Indians. In the late 1780s, The United States government wanted the Cherokee Indians to stop hunting and learn to farm. The United States government wanted to “civilize” the Cherokee Indians by “encouraging” them to change their current lifestyle and begin living like the Christian Americans (“Indian Removal Timeline”). On March 27, 1814, The Cherokee Indians fought in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Andrew Jackson assembled a force of American Soldiers to fight the Cherokee Indians and others. The Battle of Horseshoe Bend was a battle within the Creek War. The
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