Essay on The Cherokee Trail of Tears

1035 Words5 Pages
With the discovery of the New World came a whole lot of new problems. Native American Indians lived in peace and harmony until European explorers interrupted that bliss with the quest for money and power. The European explorers brought with them more people. These people and their descendants starting pushing the natives out of their homes, out of their land, far before the 1800s. However, in the 1800s, the driving force behind the removal of the natives intensified. Thousands of indians during this time were moved along the trail known as Nunna dual Tsung, meaning “The Trail Where They Cried” (“Cherokee Trail of Tears”). The Trail of Tears was not only unjust and unconstitutional, but it also left many indians sick, heartbroken, and dead.…show more content…
In 1835, the Treaty of Echota was negotiated by President Jackson and Major Ridge along with self-appointed representatives of the Cherokee Nation (History). These representatives of the Cherokee Nation were known as the Treaty Party and totaled about 100 people. The council of the Cherokee Nation had previously passed a law that stated that anyone who gave up their ancestral land would be put to death. So by signing this treaty, most of the Treaty Party would be put to death upon arrival to their new land (“A Brief History”). For the treaty to pass, it had to be ratified by the United States Senate. Henry Clay and Daniel Webster spoke against the treaty, but despite their best efforts, it passed. Chief John Ross led the Ross Party that was made up of those against the removal and Treaty of Echota. More than 16,000 Cherokee Indians of 17,000 signed Ross’s petition against the treaty. That means over 94 percent of the indians were against the treaty used by the United States government to justify their actions against the native Cherokee people. The Treaty of Echota sealed the fate of the people despite the fact that they were unfairly represented (History). The Treaty of Echota gave up all the indian land east of the Mississippi for 5 million dollars. The Cherokee would receive land in the Indian Territory. They were also promised things they would lose including livestock, tools, and other
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