The Chesapeake Colonies and New England Colonies Essay

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In 1419, Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal began the period of time known as the “Age of Exploration”. Europe’s leading superpowers, France, Spain, Portugal, Holland, and England, all competed for colonization in unknown territories. Samuel de Champlain colonized along the St. Lawrence River in 1608, Henry Hudson of Holland established Albany in 1609, and Spain established colonies in Mexico and Mesoamerica. In 1607, England established its first colony in North America around the Chesapeake Bay, and nearly a decade later established a second colony in present-day New England. Both New England and the Chesapeake were founded by the British around the same time; however, both colonies developed a different economy, government, and many…show more content…
New England was named by John Smith who was exploring this area before he was captured by the French. Unlike Virginia or Maryland, Plymouth was not founded by a company or family, but a group of people called the Pilgrims. The Pilgrims established Plymouth and left England due to religious persecution. The Massachusetts Bay Company was responsible for the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and was run by many Puritan leaders. Puritans were people who believed that Queen Elizabeth’s reforms on the church have not gone far enough. Rhode Island was established by Roger Williams after being banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for believing in religious toleration and toleration of the natives. New England’s population was consisted of colonists and Native Americans like the Chesapeake, but the African American population was low in New England. In contrast with the Chesapeake Bay, New England colonies experienced harsh cold winters with a higher chance of death from the cold, but the chance of catching life threatening diseases were very low. The economy of the Chesapeake and New England were both directly affected by their geographical locations and surroundings. The Chesapeake colonies were very rich and fertile in soil, which allowed them to develop an agricultural-based economy; whereas, the New England colonies were
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