The Chicano Movement : The Chicano Civil Rights Movement

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Chicano Civil rights
El Movimiento, also known as the Chicano civil rights movement, was the empowerment of Mexican Americans in the 1960’s and 70’s. Almost half a century later, Chicanos, Latinos, and Hispanics continue to fight a struggle. You may be wondering “what is a Chicano?” A Chicano is anyone who grew up in the U.S., but if their parents grew up in Mexico then moved to the states. This movement is one of the least studied civil rights socials, but this is a topic I have felt strong about for a while and I still do.
The Chicano movement started in the 1960’s with three goals: they wanted restoral of land, rights for farm workers, and education reforms. The center of this movement took place in southern California. They emphasized the unique heritage and cultural traditions of Mexican Americans. Leaders of the movement argued that many Mexican Americans were not immigrants and that Mexican people legitimately owned parts of the land to the U.S. They attempted to reclaim federal land in the United States and based their actions on the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which was signed by the U.S. and Mexico in 1848. Farmworkers were denied decent life in the fields and communities of California’s agricultural valleys. These workers were only making an average of 90 cents per hours plus ten cents per basket if they picked grapes. State laws regarding work standards were being ignore by the workers. The conditions these workers had from their bosses were poor and earned a
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