The Child Malaria Prevention Project

1244 WordsJul 2, 20165 Pages
The PRECEDE-PROCEED Model: The Child Malaria Prevention Project Prevalence of infant malaria cases has caused much alarm among stakeholders in the health sector; communities, policy-makers, and health workers alike. According to the 2015 Center for Disease Control statistics in an article by Ceesay et al. (2015), the overall prevalence of malaria among infants aged 6 months or less, especially in Sub-Saharan countries, was 11.8%. These astonishing figures are attributed to the neglecting of newborns in the assumption that they are protected against malaria by the presence of fetal hemoglobin and transferrable maternal antibodies (Ceesay et al., 2015). This lack of attention on malaria infection among infants, therefore, justifies the…show more content…
Methodology Random selection of 20 mothers with new-born babies aged 6 months and below was conducted. Also, 15 mothers who have had previous experiences of baby infections with malaria were interviewed. 5 health workers were handed questionnaires that focused on providing information about their role in informing mothers on malaria infection of infants. PRECEDE-PROCEED Framework Needs Assessment According to Curley and Vitale (2015), the framework entails the following steps: STEP I. Identifying the Epidemiological Factors and the Target Groups  Epidemiological Factors o Infant malaria infection emerging as a leading cause of infant mortality (prevalence of 11.8%) o Malaria infection in infants is usually highly risky in the first months of life. o Period of protection of malaria is usually shorter than the 6 months quoted by research  Target groups o New mothers, mothers who have previously experienced infant malaria infection o Health workers  STEP II. Identifying Environmental and Behavioral Risk Factors Associated With Infant Malaria Infection  Environmental risk factors o Poorly drained environments o Careless waste disposal o Bushy surroundings  Behavioral risk factors o Parents not seeking health expert information o Not using insecticide-treated mosquito nets o Lack of education on malaria prevention measures o Neglecting of babies due to assumptions STEP III. Identifying Contributing Factors  Predisposing factors o Lack of knowledge about malaria
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