The Children 's Hospital Of Wisconsin

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An 8 year old boy has been recently admitted into the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. He reported having a migraine, and he is covered in rashes. The patient has a fever, and he is significantly underweight for his age. His mother believes that he may have the HIV infection. History The patient is an 8 year old African American boy from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The boy was brought into the hospital by his mother. The patient’s mother is HIV positive, and she is worried that the HIV virus transmitted to her son. At the time of admission, the patient reported having a huge headache. The doctors decided to take a blood test to figure out if he indeed has HIV. The patient was diagnosed with HIV later that evening. The patient had…show more content…
According to the World Health Organization, in 2013, more than 3 million children were living with HIV. Most causes of HIV in children is through mother to child transmission during pregnancy, breastfeeding, or during labor and delivery (Weinberg, 2016). Furthermore, only 24% of children receive antiretroviral treatment (ART), and nearly 200,000 children died of AIDS related illnesses in 2013 (Children and HIV, 2015). Research indicates a variety of symptoms and complications often appear as an infected child’s immune system deteriorates (Weinberg, 2016). The common effects of HIV in children are similar to adults. Children that are HIV positive develop life threatening opportunistic infections (Children and HIV, 2015). Children infected with HIV develop serious bacterial infections and often times, may suffer from chronic diarrhea. Furthermore, children infected with HIV develop slower than a child that does not have HIV. Mental development such as crawling, walking, and speaking are often impaired in a child infected with HIV. Additionally, many children that are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus tend to develop neurological problems such as poor school performance, trouble walking, and recurrent seizures (Weinberg, 2016). The HIV infection affects the lymph node, respiratory system, muscles, joints, skin, digestive system, and weight loss and fatigue
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