The Chinese Civil War

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The Chinese Civil War began in April 1927 and involved two Chinese groups with different views on how the country should be ran. The first group were forces that were loyal to Kuomintang also known as the KMT were Chinese Nationalists of the Republic of China led by Chiang Kai-Shek. The other group was the Communist Party of China also known as the CPC who were led by Mao Zedong. The first major military campaign in the civil war was the Northern Expedition which was fought from 1926 to 1928 the main purpose of the battle was to end the the rule of the local war lords. The KMT came out victorious in this first major battle of the civil war. On april 12 1927 the Shanghai Massacre happened which was was fighting between the CPC and the KMT, the KMT had control over the area and arrested members of the CPC and executed hundreds of them. The outcome of this was the KMT split into two wings, the right and the left wing. The leader of the left wing was Wang Jinwei and Chiang Kai-Shek became the leader of the right wing. The capture of Beijing happened in June 1928, the left wing of the KMT took control over beijing from the CPC and then later handed on the the leader of the right wing Chiang. The Second Sino-Japanese War started in 1937 and went to 1945. Chiang kai-Shek did not want to join forces with the CPC to fight the japanese, Chiang believed that the CPC were a greater threat than Japan was. Chiang wanted to first get rid of the war lords scattered around china and
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