The Civil Liberties Of The United States Essay

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Civil liberties is the individual rights and freedoms that government is obliged to protect, normally by not interfering in the exercise of these rights and freedoms. However, over the years the rights for the people have either have become open and free or it has become restrictive. The bill of rights in terms of scope in civil liberties protection has changed by three paths such three paths are increased in authority of federal government, the Supreme court shifted its interpretation of constitutional provisions in areas like freedom of speech, free religious practice, expansion and contraction of protections, and finally additional liberties to be protected beyond those specifically listed in the constitution. The first amendment includes the establishment clause that prevents government from establishing an official religion or giving more priority to one particular religion, people are given the freedom to practice their religion without any barriers. However, in Engel vs Vitale case, A New York State law required public schools to open each day with the Pledge of Allegiance and a nondenominational prayer in which the students recognized their dependence upon God. The law allowed students to absent themselves from this activity if they found it objectionable. A parent sued on behalf of his child, arguing that the law violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. According to the court decision in this case, the authority violated the establishment clause,
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