The Civil Rights Act and the South

2391 Words10 Pages
The great Afro-American sociologist W.E. B. Du Bois stated in 1903 that the “problem of the “problem of the twentieth-century is the problem of the color line” and global view by describing the problem as “the relation of the darker to lighter races of men in Asia and Africa, in America and the islands by the sea”. Yet even an observer as perspicacious as Du Bois did not foresee late-twentieth-century American demographic and policy changes. Continuing high immigration, discrimination, and officially designated affirmative-action minority groups will ensure that if the twentieth century has the problem of the color line, the twenty-first will have the problem of color lines. In 1964, Congress passed and President Lyndon Johnson proudly signed the Civil Rights Act. The law was intended to prevent discrimination in a assortment of spheres of life, including public accommodations (Title II), instructions and programs receiving federal funds (Title VI), and most controversially, private employment (Title VII). Though each of these titles included broad injunctions of discrimination of the bases of race, national origin, and belief (Title V11 also included sex discrimination), the overwhelming focus of discussion was the problem of discrimination against Afro-Americans. The law does not overtly define discrimination, but it appears that most members of Congress had in mind a reasonable understanding of the term. Throughout the southern states, Euro-Americans predicted
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