Essay about The Civil Rights Movement

2130 Words 9 Pages
Man-made constitutions once created a society based on hierarchy, separating black from white, Latino from Asian, and rich from poor. Through the significant decades of the 1940s-1960s, America laid the groundwork for civil rights, a movement through which minorities fought for equal opportunity. How could America call itself “land of the free” when only the white man could socially and economically move upward? For minorities, this represented an immobile society. Yet, equality elapsed over time, and due to pivotal events in American history such as the Cold War and WWII, the Civil Rights Movement molded the road toward change and challenged America to redefine their core values. The Civil Rights Movement was first established during …show more content…
Lieutenant General Jon L. Dewitt would exemplify the efforts of many white Americans in the midst of this fight for order. Unfortunately, for many white Americans bliss was ignorance and the Army’s Bureau of Intelligence produced a survey to prove it. In the early 1940s, the Bureau found that “the majority of white Americans were unaware that there was such thing as a Negro problem, and were convinced blacks were satisfied with their social and economic conditions” (Foner 828). Examples such as this portray the inconceivable boundaries that Negros, Latinos, Asians, and several other minorities, including the poor, had to overcome. Subsequently, the only way minorities were going to be heard was by making their presence known. As the world showed signs of reviving to meet the demands of World War II, Philip A. Randolph (a black labor leader), “saw a new opportunity to pressure the government” (Why Should We March). In 1941, Randolph called for a march on Washington to end segregation, encourage an anti-lynching law, as well as establish fair employment for blacks. Randolph’s actions put pressure on President Roosevelt, leading to Executive Order 8802, which banned discrimination in defense jobs and established the Fair Employment Practice to monitor compliance. Small victories such as the Executive Order 8802 and the Fair Employment Practice propelled and strengthened the Civil
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