Essay about The Civil Rights Movement

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The 50s, 60s and 70s were a tumultuous time in American society. Roles were constantly being redefined. Events like the war created upheaval in the lives of many individuals and everyone was scrambling to find his or her place in society. The same was profoundly true for blacks in America. No societal movement had a more profound effect on the lives of Black Americans than did the Civil Rights Movement. The status of Black Americans would be redefined to a revolutionary degree. Civil rights leaders including Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and Malcolm X would bring the cause to the national stage. Although the movement was plagued with violence and death, it was eventually successful. The South was radically changed from a society of …show more content…
Due to that success the Montgomery Improvement Association, led by a young minister named Martin Luther King Jr., planned a permanent boycott until their demands were met. They asked for courteous treatment, seating on a first come, first serve basis, and black bus drivers for mostly black bus routes. Businesses and private homes started to feel the effects of the boycott. Whites started to fight back. Blacks were arrested for walking the streets. Dr. King's home was bombed. The boycott lasted eleven months before there were any positive results. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation on Alabama buses was unconstitutional. The boycott was an astounding success and it brought Dr. Martin Luther King to prominence. 1

With the success of the Montgomery boycott, black leaders began a new plan for the civil rights movement. In January of 1957, southern black ministers started the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Martin Luther King became the first president. "The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was the first civil rights organization led by black residents of the South, and the first to concentrate all of its attention on fighting Jim Crow within the region."2 It was at this time that Martin Luther King proposed his ideals of nonviolent resistance.

Whites, however, had no problem with using violence to get what they wanted. The violence was effective at the University of Alabama in 1956.

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