The Civil Rights Movement Essay examples

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For many years after the Civil War many African-Americans did not truly enjoy the freedoms that were granted to them by the US constitution. This was especially true in the southern states, because segregation flourished in the south wwhere African-Americans were treated as second class citizens. This racial segregation was characterized by separation of different races in daily life, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home. In addition, Blacks were not afforded justice and fair trials, such as the case of the murder of Emmet Till. This unjust treatment would not be tolerated in America any more, which spurred the…show more content…
The rage of the whites placed their anger on innocent blacks in the form of vicious beating and murderous lynching. Most notably the August 27th 1955, murder of the harmless 14 year old boy named Emmet Till in Money, Mississippi. Emmett from Chicago, was visiting relatives in Mississippi, when he was accused of embarrassing a white store clerk. In result, he was kidnapped from his great-uncle's house in the middle of the night. According to witnesses, they drove him to a weathered shed on a plantation in neighboring Sunflower County, where they brutally beat and then shot him. A fan was placed around his neck was to weigh down his body, which they dropped into the Tallahatchie River. This brutal murder did not do unnoticed, his mother insisted on leaving the casket open for the funeral and allowing people to take photos because she wanted people to see how badly Till's body had been disfigured. In consequence, little Emmett Till’s vicious murder sparked the Second Reconstruction, a period when African-Americans once again began holding various political offices, and reasserting and reclaiming their civil and political rights as American citizens. A few months after the Till incident, in Montgomery Alabama, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" of a bus to a white passenger, defying a southern custom of blacks riding in the back of the bus. In response to her arrest the Montgomery black

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