The Civil Rights Movement in 1955 Essay

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The Civil Rights Movement refers to the political, social, and economical struggle of African Americans to gain full citizenship and racial equality. Although African Americans began to fight for equal rights as early as during the days of slavery, the quest for equality continues today. Historians generally agree that Civil Rights Movement began with the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955 and ended with the passing of the Voting Rights Act in 1965.

Despite the 14th and 15th constitutional amendments that guarantee citizenship and voting right regardless of race and religion, southern states, in practice, denied African Americans the right to vote by setting up literacy tests and charging a poll tax that was designed only to disqualify them
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Milam, were quickly arrested and charged with murder. They admitted to the kidnapping of Till but claimed that they released Till afterwards. An all-white jury heard the evidence against Bryant and Milam and found them not guilty for murder. The trial resumed one month later, and Bryant and Milam were not even indicted for kidnapping.

The brutal killing of the African American boy received large amounts of media coverage. The process of the whole trial was reported in magazines such as Time, Newsweek, New Republic, and the Nation, just to name a few. While most magazine articles gave similar information about the main story and the trial, they differed more notably in what supporting information to disclose and how facts were interpreted. For example, an article in Newsweek, published after the murder trial of the Roy Bryant and J.W. Milam, notices a peculiar statistical fact about the political power of the people in Tallahatchie County. It says that there were 11,000 white people and 19,000 black people in the county, but not a single African American out of the 19,000 was registered to vote (Newsweek, “The Place” 24). Published on the same date, an article in the Time magazine not only acknowledges the absence of a single black voter in the county, but it appeals for sentiments by quoting the Till’s mother’s caution to Till that he should “be careful…to humble himself to the extent of getting down on his knees” because he did not know the reality of
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