Essay on The Civil War

494 Words 2 Pages
The Civil War


The Civil War started on April 12, 1861. It was a military conflict between the United States of America, which was known as the union and the Confederate States of America know as the Confederacy. It began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, and lasted until May 26, 1865, when the last Confederate army surrendered. The war took more than 600,000 lives, destroyed five billion dollars worth of property and brought freedom to 4 million black slaves.
The main cause of the war was slavery. Southern states depended on slavery to support their agricultural economy. Only a small amount of Northerners were against slavery. However, they were opposed to
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Southerners, who imported many manufactured goods, opposed tariffs, while the manufacturing economy of the North demanded high tariffs to protect its products from foreign competition. The expanding Northwest Territory was far from the markets its grain and cattle were used at. They built roads and canals for survival and supported demands for high tariffs. In addition, loyalty to one's state was often the priority over loyalty to one's country in the early days of the United States. Neither North or the South had any strong sense of the stability of the Union.
In 1861, Seven southern states set up confederacy on February 8, with Jefferson Davis as president, they captured federal arsenals and forts. The Civil War began as Confederates fired on Ft. Sumter in Charleston, SC, on April 12. They captured the fort on April 14. By April 15 there was a new president in office. He was Abraham Lincoln. He asked for 75,000 volunteers to block southern ports on April 19, cutting off exports and aid. The Confederates turned against Union forces at the first Battle of Bull Run July 21. That same year the First transcontinental telegraph was put in operation.
In 1862, the Homestead Act was approved on May 20. This granted free family farms to settlers. The Land Grant Act approved July 7, providing for public land sale to benefit agricultural education. This eventually led to the establishment of…

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