Nicaragua was a primary example for the efforts and motives of the United States during the Cold War. “Nicaragua was one of those places where freedom was at risk, together with Afghanistan and Angola and even Poland” which made the United States see them as a place that needed assistance from the largest and most successful democracy of the time. Following the election of President Reagan, there was a resurgence in American efforts of preventing the spread of communism. Although Nicaragua had been in the sights of the United States for so long, they revitalized their efforts in a new scheme with Reagan’s administrations involvement. In Nicaragua, there was a revolt brewing with anti-communist ties. The revolt was being led by the rebel group, the contras, who aligned themselves with American hoping for assistance within their rebellion. The CIA and the administration was assisting a group in overthrowing its established government to help promote its ideological perspective within Central America. This would not seem uncommon for the United States government during the Cold War Era, due to the fact that they had done this on so many different occasions since the Cold War with the Soviet Union began in 1945.
At first, Managua may seem like another beautiful city in Central America, but its past reveals that there is a little more to it. Managua was not originally the capital of Nicaragua, but in order to resolve a dispute between two warring cities in Spain- the country who had colonized Nicaragua at the time. The city center was destroyed by both an earthquake and a wildfire and was only partially rebuilt, leading to Managua being spread out geographically. In two periods of disorder in the early 1900’s, Nicaragua was under the control of Spain, and any resistance was crushed.(McCarthy, 456)
Q7: The similarities between United States, Cuba, and Nicaragua is that they were all involved had leadership during the times when they were in war. United States had President Truman to lead the country and so that the country won't fall apart. Cuba had Fulgencio Batista as their dictator. Anastasio Somoza was the dictator for Nicaragua. Cuba and Nicaragua had dictator to lead their countries. They thought that they had everything planned out, but they didn't. The United States originally thought they would be neutral through World War II. That didn't help because when Japan attacked United States in Pearl Harbor. United States needed to do something about it. Cuba wanted to improve the economy, but they couldn't because Fulgencio kept putting
Nicaragua is the second poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, but is also full of history, tradition and life. It is known for its great folk music, deep heritage and culture. Nicaragua is hidden jewel with warm, gorgeous culture and breathtaking nature. It is surrounded by its incredible history, culture and nature.
n the 1800’s a lot of people from Europe started to come into Nicaragua. Also families from Belgium, Spain, Italy, and Germany moved to Nicaragua to set up their own businesses to do with money. They established coffee businesses, newspapers, hotels and banks. The U.S. government negotiated with President Jose Santos Zelaya to get land so their would be a canal through Nicaragua in the late 1800’s. The minister of Nicaragua, Luis Felipe Corea, went to Washington and wrote a letter to the U.S. Secretary of State John Hay addressing the needed support of a canal by the Zelaya government. The Zanchez-Merry Treaty was signed with Nicaragua regarding the canal through Columbia but fell through because it was rejected by John Hay. The Spooner Act,
Also, the growing presence of the Soviets and Cuba in Nicaragua escalated the cold war and in order to ‘draw the line” the Reagan administration “doubled economic aid for El Salvador to a hundred and forty four million dollars” (pg 40). According to Danner, “the priorities of American Policy in El Salvador had become unmistakable” (pg 41).Second, The American government was “opposed to dispatching American combat forces to Central America” (pg 22) and in order to prevent another Nicaragua, Congress agreed to “reform” the Salvadoran Army by financing, training and arming its troops to fight the FMLN. As Danner notes, “the Americans had stepped forward to fund the war, but were unwilling to fight it”. Third, the Monterrosa led Atlacatl led batallion through American funding descended in El Mozote with “the latest M-16’s, M-60 machines guns, 90 millimeter recoilless rifles, and 60- and 81 millimeter mortars”(pg 39) and with a list of names massacred an entire village because “communism was cancer”(pg 49). The U.S. government was clearly responsible for the Massacre at El Mozote because without the funding, supporting, and training of El Salvador troops the war would have been tilted in the guerillas favor as they had managed to hold the disorganized army in certain areas. In contrast to neighboring departments El Mozote and its inhabitants of born-again Christians did not fit in as guerilla sympathizers. In fact, the training at American hands
When you are planning a holiday, the first thing that comes to mind is the BUDGET – whether it is booze, lip smacking food, cheap flights, comfortable accommodation or simply having fun! Our beautiful earth is abundant with spectacular locations no matter which end you want to go to but if you are planning a pocket friendly holiday, then there are a few locations that will indeed make you happy! London, Paris, New York, Cape Town, Dubai are some amazing and popular global destinations that certainly have the glitz and glamour but at a price! Here I have listed out some holiday favorites if you are planning one so that you spend less but get more.
The Cold War was a period in history right after WWII ended and it ended in 1991, when the USSR broke apart. The conflict was between two types of governments: the communists and the capitalism (democrats). The USSR represented the communist side, while the U.S. represented the democrats. Both countries had nuclear weapons and did not want to fight each other directly because they didn’t want a Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD), so they fought through other countries, by Proxy Wars. The global tensions in Cold War affected a few countries in a couple of regions, for example Central America. The involvement of the United States aided Nicaragua economically, militarily, and politically.
t compiled to cause the Civil War in the later years. Although there is the negative effect, the positive is also very big in that inventions like the Cotton Gin improved society and the economy.
The history between the U.S. and Nicaragua has always been aimed at making sure there politically ideologies remain in line with our own. With the spread of communism, the U.S. had been involved in Nicaragua since 1912. The U.S. has acted as Big Brother and used military force when pro U.S. leaders were facing rebellion. Unfortunately in 1936 when the U.S. began training the Nicaraguan National Guard, there was a forceful takeover by a man named Somoza Garcia. The era of rule under the leadership and guidance of Garcia lasted for 43 years until a group known as the “FSLN” which stands for the Sandinista National Liberation Front was created which was essentially anti Somoza Garcia. The FSLN was a communist group which wanted to make Nicaragua a socialist state. Ultimately the group took control of the country and committed numerous human rights violations and also stole foreign aid for themselves. So with this takeover began a very rocky and difficult relationship with the U.S.
Nicaragua is the largest Central American country and was settled in as a Spanish colony back in the 1520's. In 1522 Spanish explorer Gil Gonzalez de Avila named the colony "Nicaragua" after an Amerindian chief named Nicarao who once ruled the area, making Nicaragua have Spanish and Indian cultures. Back in 1523-24 Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba officially completed his exploration of Nicaragua. In 1838 Nicaragua fully gained its independence from Spain. William Walker assumed presidency over the country in 1856, and had seeked U.S. annexation as well as sanctioning slavery. General Jose Santos Zelaya was Nicaragua's first dictator that took power in 1893. National hero Cesar Augusto Sandino starts a rebellion against US occupiers and other
Whether it is the Spanish governor Pedrarias versus the Indian chieftain Diriangen or the Somoza family versus Sandinista leaders, it is always a fight for freedom or dictatorship. The anti-Americanism of some Nicaraguans also spans back centuries, and it is at least partially justified. From William Walker’s conquest and presidency to America “stealing” the Panama Canal, and the later betrayal of Roosevelt and Nixon, there was plenty of reasons to harbor resentment for Americans. Sandino, the hero who fought the U.S. and inspired the Sandinista revolution, once told an American reporter, “Tell your people that there might be bandits in Nicaragua but that they are not necessarily
“The people of Nicaragua were suffering oppression. This made us develop an awareness which eventually led us to commit ourselves to the struggle against the domination of the capitalists of our country in collusion with the United States government.” (Daniel Ortega 1974) As has been discussed throughout the semester thus far many countries throughout Latin America have experienced a political revolution in some way, shape, or form. In the early 1970’s Nicaragua joined the long list of Latin American countries to experience a revolution when the Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional (FSLN) lead by Daniel Ortega successfully overthrew the Somoza dynasty. Many people often times have a misconception of what exactly a political revolution
In the early 1900’s, the United States aimed to protect its interests in Central America, specifically Nicaragua. The United States sent in troops of Marines to help maintain order in Nicaragua due to civil unrest over a Presidential dispute. The United States was willing to send in the troops over a concern about Mexico gaining prestige in Nicaragua by backing Juan Bautista Sacasa, who was previously overthrown as Nicaragua’s President. Sacasa was trying to regain his status of President, though the United States supported Adolfo Diaz. Sacasa withdrew from trying to claim the presidency after he made an agreement with the U.S., though in 1932 he did finally become the President of Nicaragua through an election.
The USSR had recently funded a communications site on Nicaraguan soil to help them communicate with other socialist nations. With a rising fear of the USSR and other socialist nations, the US immediately accused it of being a spy base. Not shortly afterwards the US began to take action against Nicaragua by issuing an economic blockade. Because the Nicaraguan economy relied so heavily on imports, this had a profound effect and contributed to the collapse of the Nicaraguan economy. “It was impossible to spend even a day in Nicaragua without becoming aware of the huge and unrelenting pressure being exerted on the country by the giant standing on the northern front” (p.24).