The Civilization Of Ancient Rome

1595 WordsMay 3, 20177 Pages
The civilization of Ancient Rome thrived from the sixth century BC to the fifth century AD. The Roman Empire was the second empire to conquer most of the Mediterranean Sea basin, the first being the Ancient Greeks. After taking over the former Greek Empire, the Romans assimilated many aspects of Greek culture into their own, including the Greek Architecture. The main attributions to Ancient Roman architecture are cement, the arch, the vault, the dome and centralized road systems. The Roman Architectural Revolution is also known as the Concrete Revolution. This is because during the Roman Empire 's thriving period, Roman architects began to create concrete and use it to build up their structures. The first known architect to design…show more content…
A typical Roman arch could support about 150 feet, which allowed the Romans to build long bridges such as the Pont Flavien Bridge. The Pont Du Gard aqueduct in modern day France was another example of the importance of Roman arches. About 1180 feet long and supported by about 47 arches on its top layer, the Pont Du Gard aqueduct was built in the 1st century AD. The Pont Du Gard aqueduct had three layers of arches supporting the structure. The aqueduct was essential to the Romans because it provided fresh water from the Alps to the western portion of the Roman Empire. Arches were architecturally stable structures that were innovated by the Romans and used in many important structures throughout the Roman Empire. Another Roman innovation that was caused by the creation of concrete was the vault. The vaults used by the Romans were intended to heighten and broaden rooms. The common Roman vault consisted of an arch at both sides and a long arched tunnel in between the two arches. Vaults were used in many temples throughout the Roman Empire to make the roofs taller and make the sanctuaries grander. An example of the use of the vault in religious building is the Church of Saint-Séverin in modern day Paris, France. Reconstructed in the 11th century AD, the Church of Saint-Séverin had a vault that heightened the cathedral. The maximum height of the ceiling in the cathedral is about 30
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