The Classical Liberalism Theory

1016 Words Jul 14th, 2018 5 Pages
Introduction

The Classical liberalism theory mainly emphasis is sited on shielding the freedom of the individual by restricting the power of the government. Classical liberalism is a wide philosophy of politics, economics, and human society that upholds individual freedom and the acknowledgement of universal human dignity. The most important features of The classical liberalism theory is consist of the following beliefs: All human beings have intrinsic dignity and worth, all individuals have intrinsic natural rights; including right to live, liberty, pursuit of happiness, and property ownership, social arrangements and governments are human constructs; their justification is the establishment of order, to promulgate justice, and to guard
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The Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence is one of the clearest statements of the Classical Liberalism philosophy. At that time majority of people believed that rights come from government and they believed that those who rule and govern can determine our rights. But John Locke the British philosopher argue that it is the other way around people have natural right which is inherent or you born with; hence, he argue that people can create and dissolve governments and the aim to have government is to protect these rights (Alvey, October 2004 ).

Additionally, Classical liberals in the present day tend to have the basic vision of rights and task of government which Thomas Jefferson and his colleagues had. Moreover, they do not tend to make any significant distinction between civil liberties and economic liberties. On the squint of the political spectrum, things are more complex. The most important distinction between Nineteenth century liberals and twentieth century liberals is that the previous believed in economic liberties and the latter did not. The 20th century liberals believed that it is not a violation of any fundamental right for government to rule and regulate public sphere where people work, the wages they work for, when they work, what they can pay money for, what they can sell, the price they can sell it for and so on. In the economic realm, then, roughly anything goes. At the same time, the twentieth century liberals
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