The Classical Realism And Constructivist Theory

2245 Words9 Pages
Terrorism has many forms. Though society knows many of its vicious faces, little does the world acknowledge that these terror-spurred events are often encouraged and sponsored through the politics of well-known nations. I will be applying both the classical realism and constructivist theory to highlight ways in which the constructivist perspective better addresses state-sponsored terrorism’s effect on global relations.
Classical realism focuses on the interactions of state players. There are three main components to the classical realist perspective; state-centrism, rationality, and power.
State-sponsored terrorism is controlled by state actors to achieve the goal of political gain. In such instances, “countries which perceive themselves as the victims” (Demir 47) of some global injustice support acts of violence to motivate change by fear. Terrorism itself poses an issue for the realist paradigm as its main actors are non-state. Though it is the response and decisions of state players that dictate the outcome on interactions between nations, non-state actors participate in the actual acts of terror. Non-state actors (NSA) are organizations, or individuals, that hold political influence, but have no standing as a country. Terrorist groups are a subset of NSA’s who use violence and scare tactics against non-combatant targets to bring about political manipulation. Even though the non-state actor carries out the attack, the state-centric approach emphasizes the dominant
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