The Classical Theory Of Criminal Activity

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It is only appropriate to believe that the severity of penalties given to an individual whom committed a crime should be proportionate to the crime in which they engaged in, no more than what is necessary, but enough in order to deter the offender from participating in another crime. This approach is applied in such ways because it is believed that criminal activity is a rational choice, chosen because they perceive it to be in their best interest. “Criminals make a rational choice and choose to do criminal acts due to maximum pleasure and minimum pain” (Classical School of Criminology, 2012) Cesare Beccaria contributed to the classical theory greatly, and introduced several attributions to the justice system which advanced it immensely. “Views were consistent with Beccaria’s utilitarian beliefs that sought to maximize the public benefit by achieving the greatest amount of good for the most people”. (Newman, Freilich 133 1997; Newman & Margongiu, 1997) The Classical Theory has resulted in positive advancements in the justice system for various reasons. Firstly, it is “forward-looking utilitarian models designed to promote the public good” (Freilich, J., 2014, 138), also, it “embraces scientific principles to achieve their goals and seek to temper harsh punishments of their times” (Freilich, J., 2014, 138). These are beneficial for the justice system because communities independently choose the crime reduction strategy which they are comfortable with, and believe will
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