The Classical Theory Of Management Theory

1588 WordsMay 1, 20177 Pages
The Classical Management theory entered the business world in the early nineteenth century, with a goal on increasing worker productivity. Developed by Frederick Taylor, the classical theory of management advocated a scientific study of jobs and the workers in charge for them. It was the foundation of modern management theories and it aimed to improve operations within an organization. (Robbins & Cutler, 2014). The Classical Management Theory was broken into three categories: Scientific Management, which looked at 'the best way ' to do a job; Bureaucratic Management, which focused on rules and procedures; and Administrative Management, which emphasized on the management of information within the organization. (Sarker & Khan, 2013). One…show more content…
(Pioneers of Management, 2006). Fayol was the first to identify the five functions of a manager and the fourteen principles of management. Fayol thought it was essential for managers to have principles that guided their management. Fayol 's ideas about administrative management developed the basis of the modern management concepts and are still the root of management thoughts and actions today. (Robbins & Cutler, 2014). The primary purpose of the administrative management theory was to find a balance between the structure of the administration and the mission of the organization. It also emphasized on the importance of organizational effectiveness. (Boundless, 2016). According to this theory, administrative efficiency was improved when defined lines of authority were present, and those at the top of administration had the most responsibility for the organization. Administrative efficiency was correlated with departments being divided by a clear separation of labor and administrators with the most responsibilities serving as organizational authority figures. (Robbins & Cutler, 2014). According to Fayol, there were five universal functions incorporated into management. The first function was planning, which stated that mangers planned for future conditions, developed strategic objectives and secured the achievement of future goals. The next function, organizing, incorporated both human and material structural components. Managers organized the workforce in an effective
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