The Classification System Of Mental Health Disorders

2431 Words Jul 16th, 2015 10 Pages
The classification system of mental health disorders is the foundation for diagnosis, assessment, intervention, and research. The necessity that this classification system provides a empirically-supported framework for the conceptualization of mental health disorders cannot be overstated. Currently, mental health fields around the world rely primarily on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition (DSM-5; APA, 2013) and the International Classification of Diseases 10th Edition (ICD-10; WHO, 1992), with providers from Western countries like the United States relying almost exclusively on the DSM-5.
The DSM-5 and its previous editions were constructed using a categorical approach to the classification of mental disorders (Blashfield, Keeley, Flanagan, & Miles, 2014). While this classification system has been utilized and justified for decades, empirical research now suggests it is highly flawed (Blashfield et al., 2014). Currently, it is strongly believed that a dimensional approach to classification would more adequately capture the nature of psychopathology. Accordingly, psychiatrists, psychologists, and other mental health clinicians and researchers have produced opinions and research to facilitate a transition from a categorical to dimensional approach to classification. This transition was seen in some ways in the development of DSM-5, and in many ways with the development of The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Research Domain Criteria…
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