The Climate Change Report From The National Academy Of Sciences And The Royal Society

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According to the Climate Change report from the National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society, the Sun’s “variations have played very little role in the climate changes observed in recent decades” (Society & Academy, n.d.). Moreover, data provided by the report shows that even during periods of low solar activity, the Earth’s average surface temperature has still increased. These findings discredit the argument put forth by John L. Casey. No evidence has shown that the Sun has had a substantial hand in the acceleration of climate change on Earth, so a decrease in the Sun’s activity would not lead “to an abrupt end to global warming” and a “30-year that will lead to record cold weather,” as the description of Casey’s book states.…show more content…
On the contrary, relative to the Adirondack region, the Ithaca region has higher levels of wet sulfate deposition, but unlike the Adirondack region, its waters do have adequate ANC to neutralize the acidification caused by these higher-level depositions, thus allowing its waters to be less acidic than those in the Adirondack region. This general discrepancy in ANC among water bodies within regions is known as spatial variation, and leads to differences in water acidification, as seen in this example (“Acid Rain,” 2004). B. The figures of the Adirondack locations on page 1 are not contradictory to the figure shown on page 2. The reason why the figures appear different is because the figures on page 1 are more detailed evaluations of the nitrate and sulfate deposition in certain areas of the Adirondack region, while the figure on page 2 is a more generalized, averaged evaluation of the sulfate deposition in the Adirondack region as a whole. Essentially, the differences between the two figures arise from the scaling approaches taken. The sulfate deposition Adirondack region in the figure on page 2 must be generalized because the figure is on a countrywide scale. Conversely, the nitrate and sulfate deposition figures on page 2 can be more in depth because they are only at the scale of the Adirondack region itself. 3. A. The course reading “The Sociology of Sustainability,” offers a rather explicit definition of sustainability, provided by the
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