The Climate Of Rebellion During Modern Ottoman Empire

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The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire by Sam White is a study of the Ottoman environmental history during the early modern time. Even though environmental history field has been existed for a while, there is very little research on the Ottoman Empire’s environmental history. Despite the limited resources, White finds a different way to approach the issue and writes the first study about the environmental history of the early modern Ottoman Empire. In the beginning, White only questioned the impact of human utilization of the land on the environment of the Near East during early modern time. However, when White suspected that there was a connection between Ottoman lands longest drought and the Celali Rebellion in 1596, he decides to utilize his environmental history’s knowledge and perspective to study further about the political, economic, and social revolution of the Ottoman Empire (White xi). In the book, we can see the way White portrays his trait of critical thinking. White considers three possible interpretations of how a powerful empire like Ottoman was nearly overthrown in the early seventeenth century: the general crisis, the role of climate event and long-term environmental perspective. He mentions about the struggles of European countries and other empires across the globe during the time. Furthermore, he describes the stage of Ottoman lands, the climate and how the long-term human activities affect it. In addition, White figures out

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