The Cold War According to Berlin Essay example

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The Cold War According to Berlin

After the end of World War II, in 1945, Germany was divided into four zones, American, British, French on the west side and the Soviet on the east side. Germany’s capital Berlin was also divided into four zones. To identify what happen during the Cold War one has to focus on Berlin as it was the centre of this conflict. Events like the currency reform, Berlin Blockade and the building of the Berlin Wall show how close it was to becoming a real war and also reflect the conflict of East and West in the world in general.

The American and British zones were united to form an economic unit, the Bizone ( later joined by the French , so that it formed the Trizone).
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There were three key events which led to the Soviet blockade of Berlin: the Truman Doctrine and the institution of Marshall Plan for European Recovery, which both apposed communism and supported countries under Soviet control, and the currency reform. The Soviets stopped trade and travel across its borders. After the blockade the West decided to support West Berlin by air which was the only way to reach it. Hundred of aircraft were used to fly in a wide variety of cargo items , including more than 1.5 million tonnes of coal. At the height of the operation, on April 16, 1949, an allied aircraft landed in Berlin every minute. But the harsh conditions of the Berlin winter presented many challenges to the pilots and to Berlin ground crews. These difficulty, plus the constant stress fatigue , causes over 40 crashed during the blockade and 78 deaths. The Berliners experienced terrible hardships of hunger, cold, and fear, but appreciated the fact that the western Allies were scarifying so much, including their lives, for their former enemies. The airlift led to a change in the relationship between west Berliners and the western Allies, who were now no longer seen as “occupying” but rather as “protecting forces”. During the blockade a war between the USSR and the USA seemed a real possibility. At

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