The Cold War And The Soviet Union

882 WordsJul 13, 20154 Pages
When WWII ended, the US and the Soviet Union emerged not as friends, but as enemies. This occurred for a multitude of reasons including: direct opposite experiences in WWII, the US 's desire to contain communism, and economic incentives. These factors caused the cold war to materialize and then further escalate into an arms race. The US and the Soviet Union were not on friendly terms. This was due to their vastly different in both their ideological and political beliefs. They were operating solely on the principle that “the enemy of my enemy is my friend”. The war only exacerbated these differences since the USSR had fought a much more bitter one than the one the US did. They suffered massive causalities - a conservative estimate is 8 million Russian soldiers lost their lives and the final death toll of the war is estimated to be around 26 million. The war was won with “Russian blood”, after all. Add to this an economy that was largely destroyed by German bombings and active fighting on Russian soil and it is possible to see why the USSR distrusted the US. The US emerged from the war stronger than when they entered it, a war which they entered much later than any other Allied power. Their economy was fortified by the massive amounts of manufacturing required to arm the Allies during the war. After the war, they found that their economy continued to boom as they had less competition since most of the countries they would normally compete against had most of their industry

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