The Cold War During World War II

1760 WordsMar 15, 20178 Pages
Essay One During World War II the United States and the Soviet Union were allies, but by 1950, their relationship had disintegrated and the two nations were engaged in a “Cold War.” The “Cold War” occurred due to efforts by both nations after the war to maintain influence in regions like Eastern Europe for the Soviets and Turkey and Greece for the United States, but the “Cold War” wasn’t limited to these disputes. The “Cold War” was influenced by many factors on the United States side including the creation of and dropping of atomic bombs by the United States on Japan in 1945, the Truman Doctrine and the X Article in 1947, the Berlin Airlift and the Marshall plan in 1948, the formation of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) in 1949,…show more content…
This aid even furthered the distance in the Soviets relationship with the United States after World War II, and sparked debate among many Americans including George F. Kennan, who in July of 1947 released X Article, which declared that the Soviets must be contained. This policy of containment influenced United States policy for years to come, and was even adopted by Secretaries of State George Marshall and Dean Acheson. The Berlin Airlift in 1948 could be seen as the first real sign of conflict between the Soviets and the United States, which resulted in the blockade of western Berlin from all land access. The book Harry S. Truman and the Modern American Presidency by Robert H. Ferrell mentions that President Truman combatted this Soviet aggression by establishing an airlift to bring supplies to the blockaded region by airplane, which was a success for the United States with two million tons of supplies reaching the area within ten months. The formation of NATO shortly after the Berlin Airlift in 1949 generated more disputes from the two superpowers. The final result of the Soviet and United States relationship shaped up in the form of the red scare in the United States, and NSC-68, which called for a victory over the Soviets and allowed for a $50 billion defense increase. The Soviet Union at the end of

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