The Cold War Era Essay

987 Words 4 Pages
Since World War II ended, the United States has been involved in several other conflicts, all of which were much further from total war than was the Second World War. Many of these were “small wars.” During the Cold War, the military’s goal was preparedness to fight two simultaneous major contingency operations. Once the Soviet Union disintegrated, and the United States emerged as the lone superpower, there appeared to be a period of peace on the horizon. The peace dividend never fully materialized, due to the rise of new powers, influence of non-state actors, spread of weapons of mass destruction and other challenges to international order. The United States today is leaving Afghanistan, but faces concerns in several areas of the world. Russian annexation of the Crimea, piracy near Somalia, Chinese tensions with ally partners in the Pacific, terrorism in the Philippines and Al Qaeda affiliates scattered throughout the world are just a few of the many threats. To ensure the country’s way of life, the United States military must prepare foremost for regular warfare at some expense to its capacity in irregular warfare.
It is extremely difficult for a force to be prepared for both regular and irregular warfare. One reason for this is sheer cost. The Defense Strategic Guidance of 2012 reflects the new fiscal constraints that will affect the United States military for the foreseeable future. In an introductory letter, the President admits that tough fiscal choices loom…