The Cold War

1559 WordsJan 29, 20167 Pages
With the end of the “Cold War”, the hypothesis of war between states declined and created opportunities for peace and security. However, new types of conflicts, new challenges for maintaining international security and new threats to peace emerged. The U.S. attacks on September 11, 2001, marked a before and after in international relations, security concepts, and the emergence of new threats. Governments have had the necessity to change and to design new strategies to address these new threats. Furthermore, it has been necessary to modify the roles of the Armed Forces. The paper analyzes the role of the armed forces combating the new threats in Peru. First, it explains the new threats that Peru is facing and the role of the armed forces combating them, its employment, and legal issues that allow its participation. After that, this paper analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of military participation. Finally, it recommends measures to strengthen its participation. The last white paper on national defense, April 2005, recognized the external and internal threats that Peru is facing. As external threats, those generated if someone tries to apply security doctrines incompatible with the rule of international law, threats that could emerge from the crisis regarding scarcity of natural resources of strategic value, terrorism, drug trafficking, and international crime. As internal threats, it recognized terrorists and subversive groups, radical groups promoting social violence,

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