The Cold War Essay

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The Cold War

Hawks and Doves

The terms ‘hawks and doves' were quick labels attached to politicians in order to categorize their views on war and foreign policies, as to make them understandable and accessible for the public. However, these labels were not always accurate and in some cases could be quite misleading; it would have been more accurate not to label individuals as either Hawks or Doves, but instead, what they stood for.

Hawks:
A term used to describe those with a relatively aggressive or confrontational foreign policy. ‘Hawks' usually supported arms expenditure, use or threat of military force against allies of their rivals to obtain power and forgiven policy goals. They advocated the prevention of economical growth or
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The rapid expansion of that industry proved profitable for many groups and thus became an integral part of the economy, particularly for the US.
In the US, the arms race ultimately employed 10% of the workforce, directly or indirectly. Scientists, engineers, general factory laborers and larger corporations all profited from the huge spending by the government
The USSR matched or bettered such percentages, however under the communist regime, there were no private profits made For both countries, this also expanded the international trade market for weaponry, arms and defense.

The ‘Ban the Bomb' Movement:

Once censorship in the media was eliminated, war journalism, and photojournalism began to bring home the realities of the various proxy wars that were being fought by the US and the USSR (Vietnam, Korea, incidents in the Middle East and El Salvador). Particularly after the results of the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, groups began to emerge protesting nuclear warfare during the 1950's. These ranged from Christian Pacifists to Marxists,

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