Essay on The Cold War: India

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The Third World is the name that was given to the part of the world that was not part of the Industrialized World in the beginning of the Cold War. The First World was America while the Second World was the Soviet Union. The Developing World represents much of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. After most of these countries became independent of western influence and recourses, their infrastructure began to fall apart. The United States and the Soviet Union used their allies for raw materials and markets, which was a big part of the cold war. India was a non-aligned country so the two superpowers did not focus much attention on its internal conflicts. Until the Indian-Pakistan War the US and the USSR did not want to get involved with the …show more content…
There was such a mix of Hindus and Muslims and secular violence broke out until the new constitution, which came into affect in 1950 making India a secular state that elected Jawaharlal Nehru as the prime minister. After the new constitution was created, minimum wage and health benefits were given to India’s workers, and the country started to industrialize making better roads and irrigation. Nehru’s strategy was to make the economy a ‘mixed’ economy meaning that there was some state owned industry as well as private businesses. During the period of the Cold War many governments began to support privately owned industries, which is a capitalist idea, even though some communist countries began to follow it.2 In 1962 India became involved in the Sino-Indian War, which was fought between India and China. The war began mainly as a result of a Himalayan border dispute. After India gained its independence it also gained the previously British-occupied lands in China and pushed the borders even further north. The Chinese disagreed with the Indians and believed that this land was part of Mainland China. The Democratic People’s Republic of China (DPRC) invaded the disputed areas of China/India or known as Tibet and easily beat the Indians back. After China had reached its claimed territorial lines, they did not advance any further and the UN Security Council initiated a ceasefire.
The Chinese chose their moment of attack during the

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