The Cold War

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At the conclusion of World War II, the United States of America emerged as the savior of Europe and became one of the leading global political powers of the subsequent age. Behind the “iron curtain” of Easter Europe, however, another superpower, the Soviet Union, which was seemingly the exact opposite of the United States in every way imaginable, exerted its force to instill and defend communism in its surrounding satellite states. The ideologies of these two countries displayed myriad incompatibilities, and over a period spanning the next four decades, the Soviet Union and the United States of America attempted to gain military, political, and social advantages over each other in order to preserve their systems of life. Especially with …show more content…
The first leader of this nascent nation was Vladamir Lenin, who guided the country briefly until his death in 1924. Lenin’s successor, Joseph Stalin, led the Soviet Union through World War II until 1952. It was during Stalin’s reign that the tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States of America began to escalate. Starting with the signing of the non-aggression pact between The Soviets and Nazi-Germany, the United States grew cynical about the intentions of the U.S.S.R. This pact, formally entitled the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, essentially declared that Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union would be allies for the remainder of the war, and that neither country would make any sort of offensive on the other. Hitler, however, broke the terms of this pact when he invaded the U.S.S.R. in 1941 (Newman and Schmalbach 550). Since, Germany now posed as an enemy to the Soviets, the Soviet Union naturally joined the Allied forces. The first major summit between the leaders of the three main powers of the Allied forces, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin for The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union respectively, was the Tehran Conference, which took place in November of 1943. Although numerous peaceful agreements were made, primarily that the United

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