The Cold War and Its Effect on The History of America Essay

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The Cold War was the ideological conflict between the two superpowers of the world, the democratic United States of America and the communist Soviet Union. For over fifty years the two superpowers fought each other indirectly for power and control of the world. The Cold War started after the end of the Second World War in 1945 when the eyes of both superpowers were no longer looking at Nazi Germany, but instead at each other and the fate of the rest of the world. The Cold War began after the Second World War had ended, although tensions between the two new superpowers, United States and Soviet Union, had been lasting since 1917 with the start of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia. With the start of the Second World War, tensions were put…show more content…
The following year Vietnam is split at the seventeenth parallel to combat Communism. Three years later in 1957 the Russian Sputnik is launched into orbit marking the start of the Space Race between United States and Soviet Union. In January of 1959, Cuba is taken over by Fidel Castro. In April 1961, the Bay of Pigs Invasion becomes a mistake by America and the relations between Cuba, Soviet Union, and the United States falls apart. Few months later in August, the Berlin Wall begins construction, marking the separation of Communism and Democracy in Berlin, Germany. The following year in 1962, the Cuban Missile Crisis almost starts a war between the Soviet Union and United States, while United States involvement in Vietnam is increased. (3) In 1965, United States forces are sent to the Vietnam and Dominican Republic to combat Communism threats. On July 20, 1969, the Apollo 11 lands on the moon, showing the world that the United States had won the Space Race and had superior technology. On April 17, 1975, North Vietnam defeats South Vietnam. A decade later in 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev becomes leader of the Soviet Union and the following year Gorbachev ends economic aid to Soviet countries. For the next two years the United States and Soviet Union agreed to remove all short, medium, intermediate nuclear missiles from Europe and the rest of the World. All in one year in 1989, the Berlin Wall falls, and Communist

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