The Cold War Between The Us And The Soviet Union

1738 Words Jan 8th, 2018 7 Pages
Trace this development of the Cold War from about 1945 through the end of the Eisenhower administration in 1961, showing how the United States reacted to and tried to cope with the specter of international communism. In your analysis, what in fact caused the Cold War, and what was the legacy of the Truman and Eisenhower administrations in foreign affairs?

The Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union was already in the making even before the hot war ended, as the Soviet Red Army rolled over the Russian border into Eastern Europe, finally capturing Berlin. In 1944, the Western Allies believe that the stood by while Hitler sent in the SS to destroy the Warsaw Uprising and the city of Warsaw itself, because he did not intend to allow a pro-Western government in Poland. In Poland at least, the Soviet intention was to install a satellite regime, although Stalin did not do this with Finland, Hungary or Czechoslovakia, at least not immediately. From the American and British viewpoint, the threat of the atomic bomb was necessary to restrain the Soviets, although this turned out to be a serious miscalculation. Stalin ordered work on the Russian atomic bomb speeded up, and one was tested successfully in 1949, so the American monopoly on these weapons lasted only four years. Throughout the Cold War, it became clear that no matter which weapons the U.S. developed, the Soviets would match them, such as testing a…