Essay about The Collapse of the Ottoman Empire

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Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, The Arab-Israeli conflict began in earnest. As the years went on and the conflict escalated it gradually shifted from a large scale Arab–Israeli issue to the more personal Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The issue that divided both parties is primarily a territorial concern based on secular belief. Zionists belief that God had made a covenant with the Jewish people to return them to the Land of Canaan or the Biblical Promise land (Christian Zionists share sympathize with the Jews, based on common backgrounds). Yet in the Quran, as espoused by the Prophet Muhammad, the lands of Jerusalem are said to be the holiest of all Arabic lands. Three movements would develop in response to these deep…show more content…
They were met by a community of Arabs people who believed they had as much of a right to the territory as the Zionists did “Zionism is a nationalist movement that seeks the creation of a homeland, in effect a nation-state, for the Jews (Lesch 25) For over two thousand years, the Jewish people experienced a Diaspora (exile) that dispersed them across the glove, but they never gave up their goal of returning to their biblical homeland. The movement was founded in the late 19th century by mostly secular Jews as a response to the rising anti-Semitism across Europe. The proverbial straws that broke the camel’s back were the Dreyfus affair in France and the massacres (pogroms) of Jews in the Russian Empire. Theodore Hertzl a sympathetic journalist reacted to these events by encouraging a Jewish migration, proposing the ottoman Palestine as a possible option (39-43). While the movement would become increasingly secular many preeminent Jewish thinkers saw Zionism as the potential bridge that would create harmony between not only “religion and life” but between “religious tradition and the demands of the modern world. (25)” Zionism was birthed out of a religious need and because of this has been unable to
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