In the 1800’s European nations began to push imperialism on Southeast Asia in hopes of gaining profit and control. French imperialism lasted more than six decades and was driven by the demand for resources, cheap labor and raw materials. France had a particular interest in Vietnam and was alarmed when Britain started to colonize Southeast Asia. To prevent any British advancement on Vietnam, the French government forced Vietnam into accepting French protection. By 1884, France seized complete control of Vietnam and by 1858, France governed the neighboring areas in Indochina that later became Cambodia and Laos. Since France didn’t have a large military presence in Vietnam, they sent over many governors, officials and bureaucrats to rule and give
There is an extensive history empirical power, repeatedly and successfully controlling another state or group of people in order to exploit it economically. In Southeast Asia there were 5 colonial powers; the United Kingdom, France, Dutch, America, and Japan, their primary motives for establishing colonies in the region was to get control of trade routes, to get access to the natural resources and raw materials, and the cheap labor, as well as to establish naval and military bases so that they could amass influence in the region. Prior to World War II, a third of the world 's area was colonized by European colonial powers between the 15th and 19th centuries, and another third of the world 's population were in colonies, dependencies, protectorates, or dominions. In this essay, I will focus on the British and French colonization in Southeast Asia. The British-controlled Burma, most of the Malayan peninsula, and Singapore, which was a strategic port and later became a naval base for the British. Meanwhile, the French controlled the adjoining countries of Vietnamese, Cambodia, and Laos, collectively known as French Indochina. This period of colonization in Southeast Asia brought many changes to the regions society, politics, and the economy. For instance, both colonial powers introduced political changes such as introducing a centralized form of government and changes to the justice systems in many of the colonized countries. There were also social impacts resulting from the
One of the most important issues that happened to everyone in the past called the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War is a war that between the Southern and Northern zones of Vietnam. In the early 1960’s, the United States was very worried about the situation in the South Vietnam. Therefore, the president Lyndon B. Johnson were starting to draft so many young people in the country to combat issues in the war with Vietnam. However, the Vietnam War were proved to be a common topic were to fight against the war, combat the issue of drafting about freedom and peace in countries to stand against the U.S. intervention in other countries. Moreover, the United States has believed there were over 20,000 Viet Cong guerrillas in the south and about another 100,000 of the population were on the Viet Cong side to defeat with other countries. Also, Vietnam War is one the longest war in the history has fought with the United States on the bridge of Cau Tan Cang which never going to win the war in Vietnam. Besides that, the Australians have fought a battle in a rubber plantation near the Long Tan. They won this battle with the Viet Cong and was lost with 18 men and has 21 wounded during that battle. Also, The Viet Cong had about 500 people wounded and lost 245. Therefore, the Vietnamese traditional culture may be still a mysterious and unknown to most of the people outside the countries of Vietnam, especially the white people. Nowadays, many white people, Philippines, and other neighbor countries
The French colonization of Vietnam was the long term cause of the 1945 Declaration of Independence because it challenged Vietnamese freedom, violating their national pride and depriving them of a cultural and national identity. France colonized Vietnam for a variety of reasons, while there were extensive economic opportunities; control over Vietnam established them and a major colonizing power in Southeast Asia. Vietnam had a wealth of natural resources that
“Colonial officials and French companies transformed Vietnam’s thriving subsistence economy into a proto-capitalist system, based on land ownership,
French who still wanted to keep hold of Vietnam as it was very rich in
For centuries the Vietnamese people resisted being controlled by their powerful Chinese neighbors. They struggled to unify their country as an independent state. Ultimately they freed themselves from China 's claim for control of political authority and achieved national unity only to fall victim to French imperialism (Anderson 1). French ruled Vietnam and neighboring kingdoms as colonies from the nineteenth century to the twentieth century. Japanese occupation of Southeast Asia during World War II influenced the Vietminh war against the French in 1945. September 2nd, 1945, Ho Chi Minh declares independence from French rule shortly after Japans surrender from World War II (www.history.com). France 's rule over its colony was incredibly brutal and exploitative (Anderson 6). French colonialism deprived the Vietnamese of their political independence, and it impoverished many of the Vietnamese people (Anderson 7). Many villagers lost their lands and became low-paid plantation
Under French colonial rule, economic progress made in Vietnam only benefited the French—for example, exploiting raw materials for direct exports for French investment. The effects of French colonial rule kept Vietnamese living in impoverish conditions. The French reformed the education and economic system to reinforce the French’s domination—keeping the majority of Vietnamese illiterate and deprived from wealth. Because French colonization believed in spreading Catholicism, Vietnamese Catholics tended to be more trusted by the French, thus allowing them more influence and opportunities to thrive with the country. My dad’s father, The Tran, was a devout Catholic and was allowed to attend a French secondary school in Vietnam. This privilege allowed him to build himself as a successful
Beginning in the late Eighteenth Century, the French established colonies at key ports in Vietnam (American Academic Encyclopedia 1980b, 583). The French maintained their imperialist grip over Vietnam until 1940, where as part of their World War II stratagem, the Japanese invaded and subsequently occupied the region (Polansky 2013, 12-13). The Vietnamese multitude had long been primed for a national liberation movement, and the environs of political and societal turbulence concurrent with the Japanese advent in Vietnam fomented the burgeoning of nationalistic fervor. The
The imperialistic goals of France and Japan created severe conflicts in Vietnam which led to Vietnamese revolutions and ultimately, the Vietnam War. Imperialism is defined as “a policy or practice by which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world” (Merriam). The French ruled in Vietnam from the late 1800s up until WWII; during this time, the Vietnamese often faced complications with them.
The Vietnam War was one of the bloodiest wars in the history of Vietnam. Vietnam use to be a peaceful country until the idea of communism started spreading across Vietnam. Many wanted to stay democratic but saw what happened to the Germans and started to lean towards communism. Many also wanted to stay democratic and still had it hopes high that it will soon get their lives and economy back on track.
In the early years of French rule, French administrators planned to change Vietnam socially, politically and economically. No respect was given to the Vietnamese people or their culture. Court officials ( called manderines ) were forced to report to colonial officials instead of the king, diminishing much of the kings power and role in society. High costs of colonial administrators caused the French to put high taxes on salt, opium, alcohol and land. Forced labour was also re introduced. French rule had left the Vietnamese people and their culture impoverished and very much opressed. By 1940 half of Vietnamese's population was landless. This is was one of the many crippling effects of French colonial rule in Vietnam.
To understand the US involvement in Vietnam, it is necessary to understand the background of traditional independence and opposition to larger powers throughout Vietnamese history. The Vietnamese had a long history and tradition of opposing invading powers. This opposition and culture was to draw the U.S. into the longest war it has been involved in. This was an indirect but vitally important cause of US involvement in the Vietnam War. As early as 500BC, Vietnam was a country that held a strong sense of nationalism, and endeavoured for the goal of autonomy, independence, and self-rule. Up until modern history, there have been several events that have contributed towards intensifying this sense of nationalism and resistance against foreign powers. National resistance against the Chinese empire was one of the earliest examples of resistance against nationalism. Throughout the period of pre-modern history from 210 BC to 1789, resistances against foreign control and rule such as that against the Nan Yue, the Song, the Ming, and the Qing, were frequent. These attempts at national resistance came down to the basis that the nationalist Vietnamese did not want foreign influence determining the political future, culture, or customs of their country. Another main example that increased a sense of nationalism was French Colonialism. The French, who were appealed by Vietnam’s unique location, natural resources, and the extensive economic opportunities
Vietnam is world’s 13th most populous country, majorly consisting of Viet and Kinh ethnic groups. Vietnam has Vietnamese as official language and some other languages exist in minority groups. Vietnam adopted “seclusion” policy which made the country isolated and faced a deep crisis which led them on brink of bankruptcy. After 1995, started globalizing and established relation with United States and Vietnam also became member of WTO in 2006. There are many aspects that helped Vietnam to grow faster. PESTLE (Political, Economic, Social, Technical, Legal and Environmental) analysis helps in analyzing overall business opportunities and ease of doing business in country. Vietnam PESTLE analysis is as follows:-