The Colonization Of North And South America

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In the Spanish, French, and European colonization of North and South America, it either benefited or ravaged tribal societies and their peoples. Through the 16th-19th centuries, the Native Americans populations declined in the following ways: epidemic diseases brought from Europe; violence and warfare. During the prospect of exploration, Thomas Jefferson viewed American Indians as people with the possibly of “Enlightenment” and from a political standpoint either they were enemies of war or allies in peace. While the United States had set a precedent to explore new lands in its short history, native peoples’ who had inherited lands through generations of migration, tribe exploration, and hunting and gathering were now in jeopardy forcefully or ceding their lands through new American policies. As stated by Thomas Jefferson, “The Indian tribes residing within the limits of the United States, have, for a considerable time, been growing more and more uneasy at the constant diminution of the territory they occupy, although effected by their own voluntary sales” [Present in the Past, 79].
Thomas Jefferson was one of the most important and influential people of his time. He was also the author of the Declaration of the Independence and the Statute of Virginia for religious freedom, and was the third president of the United States of America. Thomas Jefferson voiced the aspirations of a new America and the ambitions of the free people to explore new lands. Furthermore, Thomas
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