The Common Elements Of Colonization Movements Of South Asia, The Middle East, And Africa

780 WordsApr 22, 20164 Pages
1. Discuss the common elements of colonization movements in south Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Nearly all nationalist movements were led by Western-educated elites who often had previous experience in the colonial administration. Also, there often was a fascinating leader like Gandhi or Nkrumah. With the exception of the settler colonies and in the Middle East, decolonization usually was achieved by peaceful confrontation on the model of India. In settler territories, European populations stopped peaceful reform leading to majority rule. In the Middle East, the move was complicated by Zionism, which resulted in the introduction of a significant foreign Jewish population in Palestine. In many ways, the problem of Palestine is similar to the problems of colonialism in the settler colonies. 2. Discuss the proposition that both the causes and the outcome of World War II were the result of problems created in the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles had isolated Germany, Japan, and Italy, and assisted to create radical governments in each that urged programs of aggressive territorial possession. Eastern Europe, through the creation of many little nations, emerged as unstable. World War II delivered almost all of them to the Soviet orbit. Control of the Pacific, including Japan, went to the United States. The complications resulting from the splitting of the Ottoman Empire were still unresolved after 1945. The process of decolonization began during World War I led
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