The Common Type Of Diabetes Mellitus

2849 WordsSep 8, 201412 Pages
The term diabetes mellitus describes a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. The effects of diabetes mellitus include long term damage, dysfunction and failure of various organs (WHO 1999). There are two major types of diabetes and each type has different causes and risk factors. Type 1 Diabetes – this type of diabetes is most often diagnosed in children and young adults but it can occur at any age, the cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. In type 1 diabetes the body makes little or no insulin and requires insulin injections. Type 2 Diabetes – this is most often diagnosed in adults and is the most common type of diabetes mellitus. It can be controlled by dietary modifications and/ or tablets. Gestational Diabetes is any degree of glucose intolerance with its onset ( or first diagnosis )during pregnancy and usually resolving shortly after delivery. The purpose of this assignment is to discuss about identifying and planning evidence based care for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) a life threatening complication that can occur in either types of diabetes. “The purpose of care planning is to show a logical and systematic flow of ideas through from the initial assessment to the final evaluation (Mooney and O’Brien, 2006). My reason to choose this topic is to update my knowledge and understanding on diabetic

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