The Common Type Of Sea Turtle

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Introduction: The loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) was named as a threatened species on July 28, 1978. Loggerhead turtles are the most common type of sea turtle. In addition, they are the only sea turtle that still regularly nests on beaches from New Jersey to Texas.
General Species Description: The loggerhead turtle’s most prominent feature is its head, is large and slightly heart shaped. The carapace is reddish-brown, bony and has large, non-overlapping, rough scales. Just like the head, the carapace is heart shaped. The bottom shell of loggerhead turtles has a yellowish brown hue. Their front flippers are short and thick with two claws each. However, the rear flippers can have two or three claws (Nelson, 1988). Some
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Primary Food Types- Loggerhead adults are carnivores. They eat crabs, conchs, sea urchins, whelks, and horseshoe crabs. Their massive heads and strong jaws enable them to crush hard-shelled prey. Hatchlings are omnivores gravitate towards feeding on small animals living in the sea grasses. These can include molluscs and crustaceans, hydrozoans, jellyfish, and fish eggs (Sea Turtle Diet). Predators- Hatchlings are extremely vulnerable to predators. Once eggs have been laid, on beaches, raccoons and wild pigs often come by and dig up nests. The predators then either eat or destroy the eggs. Once hatched, hatchlings top threats include ghost crabs, birds, and reef fish. As the turtles grow they become too big for a great majority of their predators, but sharks will prey on loggerheads throughout their lives (Spotila, 2004). Man is another predator of the loggerhead turtle. Loggerhead turtles have long been hunted for their eggs and leather. Today in the U.S. this action is no longer legal, but hunting still continues. Behavior- Sea turtles are generally solitary creatures that remain submerged for much of the time they are at sea. They rarely interact with one another outside of courtship and mating. Sea turtles are known to feed and rest off and on during a typical day. During nesting season, loggerheads follow regular patterns between the nesting beach itself, offshore reefs, other rocky
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