The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels

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The Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels to begin explaining Communism and its goals. The Manifesto suggests that history acts according to what is called “class struggle.” The “means of production” are what truly defines the class relationships according to Marx and Engels (Marx 2002). Inevitably, the classes conflict and become hostile, no longer moving fluidly (Spalding 2000). The Manifesto states that this conflict becomes so severe that it eventually becomes a revolution and one of the classes becomes the ruler of the other, keeping one oppressed while the other flourishes. These two classes by name are the bourgeoisie and the proletariat (Marx ch.2 2002). The bourgeoisie being the highly upper class and the proletariat being everyone else or the “working class”. It is important to note that Karl Marx was a member of the bourgeoisie himself. He had the ability to recognize the partiality given to the upper class and the repercussions of this act (Marx 2002).
According to this manifesto, the dynamic between the two has shaped the way society has industry where its values originate. Before this, it was traditionally so that society was organized into more complex hierarchies (Spalding 2000). But, as a result of the French Revolution, feudalism was replaced by this newer sense of class order. Instead of having a variety of classes such as nobles, artisans, royalty etc., there were now simply two. There was now a severe demand for more
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