The Compatibility of Faith and Reason

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In today’s modern western society, it has become increasingly popular to not identify with any religion, namely Christianity. The outlook that people have today on the existence of God and the role that He plays in our world has changed drastically since the Enlightenment Period. Many look solely to the concept of reason, or the phenomenon that allows human beings to use their senses to draw conclusions about the world around them, to try and understand the environment that they live in. However, there are some that look to faith, or the concept of believing in a higher power as the reason for our existence. Being that this is a fundamental issue for humanity, there have been many attempts to explain what role each concept plays. It is my …show more content…
There are a few scholars that share the same view as John Paul II, and explore the different ways that God can be present on a scientific platform. As scholar Arthur Peacocke says, the history of theology shows that its development is intimately related to the understanding of the natural, including the human, world that has prevailed at different periods. From a theologian’s own perspective, God himself has given the world the kind of being it has and it must be in some respects, to be ascertained, revelatory of God’s nature and purposes. Therefore, theology should seek to coincide with scientific perspectives on the natural world. Corresponding to this, the sciences should not be surprised if their perspectives are seen to be partial and incomplete and to raise questions not able to be answered from within their own realm of understanding, because there are other realities that are not apparent by the sciences as such” (Peacocke).
The concepts of faith and reason occupy separate realms of reality and believers in one or the other should not attempt to have domain in the other discipline. This is where the conflict can enter in. In the academic setting, theology has had increased interaction with philosophy and reason. As a separate academic field, philosophy ought to continue its search for the meaning of life and in the process consider spiritual realities, while theology continues to proclaim the Gospel to the world. While the two disciplines should

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